There are many effective ways to train. Almost every gym boasts dumbbells--by far the most popular tools--barbells and machines. Recently, kettlebells, clubbells, macebells, sandbags and stone lifting have enjoyed a resurgence.
But with the exception of gymnastic rings, you don't hear much talk about body weight training. When you do see, or hear of, body weight training, it's usually push-ups and lunges in the most grievous form imaginable and it's obvious the average trainer either doesn't take the time to teach proper technique or is himself ignorant of it. The former is indolence and the latter, simple incompetence. Any trainer can plop a client onto a machine, or show even the most overweight person to wave around light dumbbells and three-pound medicine balls (which, in most gyms, constitutes so-called functional training) but it takes a master trainer to bring the deconditioned client around to pushing and pulling their own weight. Hell, most trainers can't even do it themselves!
These feats aren't easy and also require great patience on the trainer's part: I've worked with non-athletic female clients with weight-control issues for over a year's time before they could perform their first full-range body weight chin-up--and the effort is well worth it! For many people, their first chin-up is a cherished milestone in their lives--that's how powerful the feeling of mastering (or mistressing) your own body weight can be. And after the first rep, there's no stopping them! Soon it's two, three, four, five chin-ups--and beyond--and all coming quite quickly.
In my workshops I demonstrate five different chin-up strategies to take you and your clients from zero to hero.
I love the variety of training modalities available and have done it all all, more or less, at one time or another...BUT if I were forced (through bizarr-o circumstances) to choose only ONE, it would be body weight conditioning and training (and when I say conditioning, I mean simultaneous increases in strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness.)
Strong words from the man who's built his reputation as one of the three kings of kettlebells!
Here are ten reasons why I prefer body weight exercises and training over all else.
1. The gym is always open--anytime and anywhere
There's absolutely no excuse for not getting in your workout! The only feasible excuse is not knowing how to perform body weight exercises, and that, my friends, is why I present my body weight workshops and certifications--because you are not alone in this!
2. Mastery of your own body weight is the foundation of all athletics and sports
Your ability to move the body--with control--through space is called kinesthetic awareness and body weight training teaches you this awareness and control. I highly recommend that before striving to move external heavy loads, you first learn to move your own body through space.
An important athletic quality is strength-to-weight ratio. This is especially important in the weight-class sports, e.g., boxing, wrestling, jiujitsu and MMA, as well as rock climbing and gymnastics. In these sports, the person with the highest strength-to-weight ratio has a huge advantage. In combat sports in particular, a premium is placed on being as light as possible while retaining as much strength as possible. In combat sports, absolute strength can be important, but the type of strength developed through body weight exercise is more important. A perfect example: imagine two fighters, each weighing in at 173 lbs. One can barbell squat an amazing 400 lbs. while the other can barely squat 300 lbs. On the other hand, big squatting Fighter A can barely do 75 body weight squats without undue fatigue in the legs while at the same body weight Fighter B easily performs 500 body weight squats. In a prolonged match, who do you think has the advantage?
Answer: the ability to repeatedly work at a high-level capacity will outweigh max strength any day, in any type of mano a mano combat.
3. Body weight exercise is the height of simplicity in that virtually no equipment is needed
Other than a horizontal bar upon which to pull yourself (which, in a pinch, can be a tree limb or overhang on a bathroom stall) nothing else is required to get a superior, safe and results-producing workout.
4. Body weight exercise encourages and facilitates fat-loss
When you train exclusively with your body weight, you're heavily penalized for excess body fat. Stored body fat feels like wearing a weighted vest or belt and directly reduces your rep counts and mobility. By the same token, with the loss of only a few pounds, you're rewarded with instant performance increases. This is so encouraging to the average trainee, and there's nothing motivates them more with their diet and fitness programs.
In my 38 years as a trainer, I've trained many clients, and I've noted that those I had on body weight-only protocols always made significant in-roads in their fat-loss goals, as opposed to those I trained on machines, kettlebells or other free weights. Call it psychological exception, but my experience is there's something inherent to body weight exercise which produces fat-loss.
5. Body weight exercise is a de facto body composition check
You KNOW if your pull-up, dip, or push-up numbers decrease you've either lost muscle, gained fat or (gulp) both. There is no fooling the rep counts!
I personally use pull-ups as a gauge: when I'm at my leanest, my numbers are PRs and when the numbers go down it's certain ol' Coachie has shown some impropriety at the feed bag. Because of the nature of the movement, striving to perform a pull-up is a highly motivating factor in getting clients to drop fat. I'll say it again: You never see fat boys doing pull-ups and people performing lots of pull-ups are never fat. The relationship between the two is as inverse as it is undeniable.
6. Body weight exercise teaches core stabilization more effectively than any other type of training
Take the humble push-up, for example--one of the best-known body weight movements--versus the bench press. In the bench press, the body lays upon a stable surface (the bench) with feet firmly planted on the floor, while the triceps, front deltoids and, to a lesser extent, the pectoral muscles, do about 95% of the work. Smart bench pressers will learn to retract the scapulae and engage the lats to assist in shoulder stabilization during the bench press--a technique I teach in my workshops.
Meanwhile, the rest of the body--especially the core--is excluded from the effort. Some skillful bench pressers learn to keep the glutes tight and back arched, slightly aiding the lift with the legs.
Compare the bench press to the push-up, where you must stabilize the shoulders with the lats; the entire core must be engaged to keep the spine (including the neck) from collapsing; and the thighs, glutes, low back, feet, calves and ankles are all involved in stabilization duties. Most people don't stabilize this way and end up suffering low-back, shoulder and elbow problems as a result--this isn't a failure of the movement but a failure to turn on the required muscle software.
All body weight exercises--not just push-ups--require abdominal activation and core involvement.
7. Body weight exercise develops other desirable athletic attributes--BESIDES strength, endurance and cardio conditioning
The type of body weight training I teach develops other, oft-overlooked attributes, such as: balance, agility, grace, stability and mobility. This is especially true of kinetic chain movements, which combine two or more exercises together into a single flow pattern.
8. Because of its low equipment needs, body weight exercise easily lends itself to teaching large groups
You don't have to max out the credit cards buying kettlebells anymore! I've very successfully taught large groups, in both corporate and fitness sectors, and you can, too. Imagination is the only limit and I've got enough for both of us! It's all about innovation, further proving it ain't about the equipment--it's the instructor.
The problem with equipment-based classes and protocols is when clients travel (as they do) or go on holidays, their fitness programs go down the drain. With body weight training, your clients can take their program with them and keep in shape until they get back to their regular routines.
9. Body weight exercises are versatile and can be added to, and otherwise combined with, other modalities, especially in circuit-style formats
In my kettlebell instructor training program, I teach many effective combinations of kettlebell and bodyweight pairings for the classroom instructor.
10. You can use the same amazing machine--in fact, the greatest machine ever invented, the human body--for all parameters of fitness:
a) increased strength
b) muscle endurance
c) strength endurance
d) power endurance
g) cardio endurance
You don't need anything more than a pull-up bar to accomplish all of the above.
You can see there are many great reasons why body weight exercise should be included in your training regimen. The reasons for not including body weight exercise are usually:
a) you can't get strong and well built by body weight-only training
and for women:
b) body weight exercises are simply too difficult
These excuses are pure bunk! Gymnasts and martial artists have some of the most beautiful physiques around and many perform body weight exercises exclusively. Most guys are just too lazy to go for it, since body weight training is a lot of work. Big guys especially, with their bulk and excess body fat, struggle mightily to get a single pull-up, and women have a similar experience because of their typically low upper body strength-to-weight ratio. Yet it's a simple matter of education.
If you think you can't get super-strong with body weight training and/or you're a weight lifter who's already pretty strong, take the following fitness challenge and see for yourself how body weight exercise can challenge even the strongest muscles.
1) L-Seat Pull-Up (with overhand grip)
- Palms facing-away grip
- Thumbs lined up with the outside of the shoulder
- Start from a dead-hang
- Legs held straight at 90-degrees to the torso, knees LOCKED
- PULL yourself up until the THROAT touches the bar
0-1 = schmoe
2-3 = joe
4-6 = pro
7-9 = all pro!
2) One-Arm Push-Up
- Starting at the top of the Plank position
- Non-working arm behind your back or alongside the body
- Feet spread shoulder-width
- The feet may NOT turn out sideways at anytime, but remain balanced upright upon the toes
- LOWER down until the chin touches the floor, then
- PRESS back up until the arm is FULLY locked out for a 1-sec pause
0-3 = schmoe
4-6 = joe
7-9 = pro
10-12 = all pro!
3) Single-Leg Squat aka Pistol
- Without holding on to anything
- Non-working leg held out in front
- Perform as many free-standing Pistols as you can
- The second the elevated leg touches the ground, the test is OVER!
- You must lower down until the butt rests upon the heel--none of this half-to-two-thirds rep stuff, ass-to-heel only. This is a mobility test as well.
0-5 = schmoe-level leg strength-to-weight ratio
6-10 = joe
17-21 = all pro!
4) Hanging Leg Raise
- A real test of total core and hip development.
- It's important you keep the hands fairly close together--not a wide grip.
- Keep the head forward--not thrown back--throughout the movement
- Bring the toes only to the bar--not the ankles or shins--no excessive swinging or sway is permitted.
- Anything other than the toes touching the bar is a no-count!
0-1 = schmoe
2-4 = joe
5-7 = pro
8-10= all pro!
Two other tests of total body strength-to-weight ratio and core fitness are the One-Arm/One-Leg Spetsnaz Push-Up (1 is good; 2 excellent; 3 superior; >4 is world class upper body strength) and the One-Arm Hanging Leg Raise.
The above four exercises can be combined into an excellent workout--one of my favorites, in fact.
If you find yourself at the Schmoe or Joe levels, don't despair! I can help you make the All-Pro team in no time! Come to my Body Weight Trainer's Certification at Sacramento's Body Tribe Sunday 7 February.
In Strength & Health!